Use of antibiotics in upper respiratory tract infections

Duration: January 2016 - June 2016

GPs do no always prescribe antibiotics for respiratory tract infections in accordance with the applicable guidelines. They sometimes prescribe antibiotics in situations where the guidelines recommend not to do this. Also, they do not always opt for the first choice antibiotics and / or prescribe second-line antibiotics .
Is there evidence for the assumption that antibiotics are prescribed in general practice with no diagnostic evidence of bacterial infection?
Data are used from NIVEL Primary Care Database. This data source allows to check at the patient level whether the prescription of antibiotics is in accordance with guidelines and whether there might be reason to deviate from the guidelines and for which patient groups deviated.
Insight into prescribing of antibiotics in Dutch general practice.
Zorginstituut Nederland
In this project we work together with
Instituut voor Verantwoord Medicijngebruik (IVM)