Publicatie

Publication date

Conceptualizing vulnerability for health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated measures in Utrecht and Zeist: a concept map.

Ven, L.G.L. van der, Duinhof, E.L., Dückers, M.L.A., Jambroes, M., Bon-Martens, M.J.H. van. Conceptualizing vulnerability for health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated measures in Utrecht and Zeist: a concept map. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health: 2021, 18, Art. nr. 12163
Read online
Background
The COVID-19 pandemic and the associated measures have impacted the health of many. Not all population groups are equally vulnerable to such health effects, possibly increasing health inequalities. We performed a group concept mapping procedure to define a common, context-specific understanding of what makes people vulnerable to health effects of the pandemic and the measures.

Methods
We organized a two-step, blended brainstorming session with locally involved community members, using the brainstorm focus prompt ‘What I think makes people vulnerable for the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures is…’. We asked participants to generate as many statements as possible. Participants then individually structured (sorted and ranked) these statements. The structuring data was analysed using the groupwisdomTM software and then interpreted by the researchers to generate the concept map.

Results
Ninety-eight statements were generated by 19 participants. Sixteen participants completed both structuring tasks. The final concept map consisted of 12 clusters of vulnerability factors, indicating a broad conceptualization of vulnerability during the pandemic. It is being used as a basis for future research and local supportive interventions.

Conclusion
Concept mapping is an effective method to arrive at a vulnerability assessment in a community in a short time and, moreover, a method that promotes community engagement.