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Multimorbidity care model: recommendations from the consensus meeting of the Joint Action on Chronic Diseases and Promoting Healthy Ageing across the Life Cycle (JA-CHRODIS).

Palmer, K., Marengoni, A., Forjaz, M.J., Jureviciene, E., Laatikainen, T., Mammarella, F., Muth, C., Navickas, R., Prados-Torres, A., Rijken, M., Rothe, U., Souchet, L., Valderas, J., Vontetsianos, T., Zaletel, J., Onder, G. Multimorbidity care model: recommendations from the consensus meeting of the Joint Action on Chronic Diseases and Promoting Healthy Ageing across the Life Cycle (JA-CHRODIS). Health Policy: 2018, 122(1), 4-11
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Background
Patients with multimorbidity have complex health needs but, due to the current traditional disease-oriented approach, they face a highly fragmented form of care that leads to inefficient, ineffective, and possibly harmful clinical interventions. There is limited evidence on available integrated and multidimensional care pathways for multimorbid patients.

Methods
An expert consensus meeting was held to develop a framework for care of multimorbid patients that can be applied across Europe, within a project funded by the European Union; the Joint Action on Chronic Diseases and Promoting Healthy Ageing across the Life Cycle (JA-CHRODIS). The experts included a diverse group representing care providers and patients, and included general practitioners, family medicine physicians, neurologists, geriatricians, internists, cardiologists, endocrinologists, diabetologists, epidemiologists, psychologists, and representatives from patient organizations.

Results
Sixteen components across five domains were identified (Delivery of Care; Decision Support; Self Management Support; Information Systems and Technology; and Social and Community Resources). The description and aim of each component are described in these guidelines, along with a summary of key characteristics and relevance to multimorbid patients.

Conclusion
Due to the lack of evidence-based recommendations specific to multimorbid patients, this care model needs to be assessed and validatedin different European settings to examine specifically how multimorbid patients will benefit from this care model, and whether certain components have more importance than others.