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Between power and powerlessness: a meta-ethnography of sources of resilience in young refugees.

Sleijpen, M., Boeije, H.R., Kleber, R.J., Mooren, T. Between power and powerlessness: a meta-ethnography of sources of resilience in young refugees. Ethnicity and Health: 2016, 21(2), 158-180
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Objective
This article reviews available qualitative studies that report young refugees’ ways of dealing with adversity to address their sources of resilience.

Design
We searched five electronic databases. Twenty-six empirical studies were included in the review.Ameta-ethnography approach was used to synthesize these qualitative studies.

Results
Six sources of resilience emerged:
(1) social support;
(2) acculturation strategies;
(3) education;
(4) religion;
(5) avoidance;
(6) hope.
These sources indicated social as well as personal factors that confer resilience in young refugees, but most of them also had counterproductive aspects.

Conclusion
The results, from an ecological developmental perspective, stressed the interplay between protective and risk processes in the mental health of young refugees who had resettled in Western countries, and they emphasized the variability as well as the universality of resilience-promoting processes. Further research is needed to explore the cultural shape of resilience and the long-term consequences of war and migration on young refugees. (aut. ref.)