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Survival and psychosocial adjustment to stoma surgery and nonstoma bowel resection: a 4-year follow-up.

Bekkers, M.J.T.M., Knippenberg, F.C.E. van, Dulmen, A.M. van, Borne, H.W. van den, Berge Henegouwen, G.P. van. Survival and psychosocial adjustment to stoma surgery and nonstoma bowel resection: a 4-year follow-up. Journal of Psychosomatic Research: 1997, 42(3), 235-244
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A prospective 4-year follow-up study was conducted to compare the psychosocial adjustment process and survival rate of 59 stoma patients with 64 bowel-resected nonstoma patients. Adjustment was assessed at 4 months, 1 year, and 4 years after surgery by the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale, a self-report questionnaire (PAIS-SR). Analyses of covariance demonstrated that both subgroups experienced the same level of psychosocial problems 4 years after surgery.

Interestingly, patients with poor early adjustment scores (4 months after surgery) were at significantly higher risk of dropping out because of death and terminal status during the follow-up period (1 and 4 years postoperatively). The
presence of a stoma did not influence the risk rate for dropping out.

These results demonstrate the need for prolonged psychosocial guidance of outpatients who have been surgically treated for colorectal cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.