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Unemployment prevention: The role of Human Resource Management in job-to-job transitions in the event of redundancy.

Borghouts-van de Pas, I., Bosmans, M., Freese, C. Unemployment prevention: The role of Human Resource Management in job-to-job transitions in the event of redundancy. European Journal of Social Security: 2021, 17 p.
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In downsizing organisations, redundant workers suffer from insecurities about work and income. Social security provides income security to the unemployed in the event of job loss. The role played by employers in unemployment prevention for redundant workers, and the effects on unemployment spells and transitions on the labour market, are neglected in both the social policy and HRM literatures.

Research question
This article addresses the following question: Which factors play a role in the decision to offer job-to-job support and in determining its effect?

Aims
This article provides the context for the theoretical assumptions regarding why employers initiate job-to-job measures for redundant employees and distinguishes the different types of measures based on a literature review.
Secondly, this article contributes to empirical knowledge in the field of unemployment prevention among employers and the effects of job-to-job activities facilitated by employers on redundant workers’ unemployment spells.

The research
A two-wave study was conducted on a sample of 2,258 Dutch redundant workers. The study shows that age, breadwinner status and gender are important predictors of unemployment duration after involuntary dismissal. The findings show that investing in the human capital of redundant workers by providing training and education and individual coaching, for example, are associated with a reduced unemployment spell. In our model, in which we controlled for other variables, we found that when one received training, education or individual coaching shortly before or after the dismissal, one was unemployed for an average of almost three months less.