Current trends and challenges and how they are dealt with.

Genet, N., Garms-Homolova, V., Boerma, W., Ersek, K., Hutchinson, A., Naiditch, M., Lamura, G., Chlabicz, S., Gulácsi, L., Fagerstrom, C., Bolibar, B. Current trends and challenges and how they are dealt with. Journal of Clinical Nursing: 2010, 19(suppl. 1), p. 49. Abstract. 4th European Nursing Congress 'Older Persons. The Future of Care', 4-5 oktober 2010, Rotterdam.
Introduction: Besides the ageing of populations there are many more factors that have an influence on home care demand or supply; such as increased mobility; changing character of family structures; intergeneration solidarity; labour participation of women and the labour market for home care. This presentation will sketch the current trends, problems and how they can be tackled. The year 2025 is still far away but we will try to look ahead without losing the sense of reality. Methods and Materials: This presentation is drawn upon the EC financed EURHOMAP project, which included an inventory of contextual factors, problems related to policy, financing and delivery of home care and future challenges in each country. The study has collected a wealth of data in each of 31 countries on a large set of indicators. Results: Trends influencing home care will be presented. We will notice that different trends may apply to groups of countries. The possible effects of more or less general problems will be explored, such as scarcity of financial and human resources. Besides less general, but still burning problems in some countries, will be examined; for instance the lack of integration and coordination between types of home care services; inequalities resulting from decentralisation of authority; limited access to home care services for middle income groups; and absent or poor control of the quality of services. Examples will be presented of how countries respond to the earlier mentioned challenges. Conclusion: Some problems, such as those related to financial and human resources apply to most countries and are expected to be persistent. Private models of provision may also be considered to be of growing importance. However, cross-country differences in trends and problems will continue to exist, especially between countries with a long tradition of home care and those where it was recently developed. (aut. ref.)