Publicatie datum

Pay-for-performance for appropriate prescribing using routine healthcare data from general practices.

Arslan, I.G., Verheij, R.A., Ramerman, L. Pay-for-performance for appropriate prescribing using routine healthcare data from general practices. European Journal of Public Health: 2023, 33(Suppl. 2) Meeting abstract of the 16th European Public Health Conference 2023 Our Food, Our Health, Our Earth: A Sustainable Future for Humanity Dublin, Ireland 8–11 November 2023

A national pay-for-performance (P4P) scheme was introduced in the Netherlands to incentivize appropriate prescribing among general practitioners (GPs) using routine care data of electronic health records (EHRs). The goal of this program was to encourage GPs to choose the most clinically appropriate and cost-effective medication for their patients to promote an affordable and sustainable health system. Nivel facilitated and evaluated this program. Facilitators and barriers of this P4P program were assessed as part of this endeavour.

Semi-structured interviews were conducted with all stakeholder representatives (n = 15) to evaluate their experiences with the program. The interviews were analysed thematically.

Our research was structured around the three ‘flows’ necessary for an effective learning health system. The ‘data to knowledge’ flow was impacted by: 1) effect of different EHR information systems on data quality, and 2) advantages of using EHR data for measuring quality of care, minimising GPs’ administrative burden. The ‘knowledge to practice’ flow was impacted by: 1) meaningfulness and robustness of indicators, and 2) measure for appropriate prescribing. The ‘practice to data’ flow was impacted by: 1) feedback to GPs, with most stakeholders emphasizing the need for GPs to reflect on their results with other GPs to stimulate learning, 2) impact of the P4P model, such as improvement in quality of GP registration in EHRs and better stakeholder collaboration, and 3) methods, communication and GP perspectives on the performance payment.

The study showed the factors that can support or hinder P4P programs in promoting appropriate care with EHR data for a sustainable and affordable health system. Enhancing uniformity of EHR information systems is crucial for more consistent quality of care assessment. To encourage GPs to deliver better care, it is recommended to complement monetary incentives with other forms of incentives.